Fatima Jinnah (July 31, 1893 — July 8, 1967), was the younger sister of Founder of Pakistan. She was dental surgeon, biographer, stateswoman & visionary person.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who was 17 year elder to Fatima Jinnah, gave special attention to her sister’s education. She got admission at Bandra Convent in 1902 later in 1919 joined one of the top university of Calcutta where she completed dental education.
After she qualified, Fatima Jinnah went along with her idea of opening a dental clinic in Bombay and Muhammad Ali helped her set it up in 1923. Miss Fatima Jinnah initially lived with her brother for about eight years till 1918, when he got married to Rutanbai.
Upon Rutanbai's death in February 1929, Miss Jinnah wound up her clinic, moved into Jinnah's bungalow, and took charge of his house; thus beginning the life-long companionship that lasted till Jinnah's death on September 11, 1948.
After the declaration of the Pakistan Resolution in 1940, Fatima Jinnah was one of the influential and founding members of the Pakistan Movement, calling for independence of independent Muslims states into one national identity. During at this time, Fatima Jinnah also played a pivotal role in civil rights and introduced the women's rights movement in the Pakistan Movement. After the independence, Fatima Jinnah co-founded the Pakistan Women's Association (APWA), while significantly played an integral role in the settlement of the Urdu-speaking mass in the newly formed country.
After the death of her brother, she continued to work for the welfare of the Pakistan's people through charities and the institutions. Her active role in national politics return in 1965 after Fatima Jinnah announced her presidential candidacy running against Ayub Khan in the 1965 elections, traveling West-Pakistan and East-Pakistan on emergence during the election campaign, promising to initiate Jinnah's vision of Pakistan, promulgation of the equal civil rights, education and vowed to solve the energy crises. She conceded her defeat in the elections, with many experts believing that the ballots were forcefully rigged by Ayub Khan and his son. After battling a long illness, Fatima Jinnah died on in Karachi on July 8, 1967. After her death, Fatima Jinnah was honored and she is commonly known in Pakistan as Khātūn-e Pākistān (Urdu: — "Lady of Pakistan") and Māder-e Millat ("Mother of the Nation.").
Visit gallery of Fatima Jinnah historic pictures: