In this rare picture taken in 1946, founder of the nation, Mohammad Ali Jinnah is in the foreground and his close associate Mirza Abol Hasan Ispahani following him. What is particularly interesting is the presence of Nawabzada Nasrullah, then a member of the pro-Congress Majlis-e-Ahrar. Back in 1945, Jinnah still had not committed to Pakistan as a independent nation. It was Nehru’s rejection of the Cabinet Mission plan that would end any hope of a compromise. The collapse of the Cabinet Mission plan would lead Jinnah to launch “direct action day” which would degenerate into large scale communal violence in India, for all the blood shed it would pale in comparison to the horrors of partition.
Mirza Abol Hasan Ispahani was a Pakistani legislator, diplomat, among Quaid-e-Azam’s most devotedcolleagues and among the creators of Pakistan. At the 29th session of Muslim League held in Allahabad in 1942 Mirza Abol Hasan Ispahani moved the resolution which was passed, giving full powers to Muhammad Ali Jinnah “to take every step or action as he may consider necessary in furtherance of relating to the objects of the Muslim League as he deems proper”.
He became a member of the Indian Constituent Assembly in 1946 and represented the Muslim League at the New York Herald Tribune Forum the same year.After independence, he became Member of Pakistan’s first Constituent Assembly in 1947. Mr. Ispahani toured the United States as personal representative of Quaid-e-Azam and was the first ambassador to the United States. He also authored a number of books. Mirza Abul Hassan Ispahani died in 1981.
On the other hand, while his literary leanings, the much-publicised portable “hookah” and the Turkish fez lent a certain distinction to his personality, it is, in fact, Nawabzada Nasrullah Khan’s long and sustained struggle for a full-blooded democratic polity that earned him a pivotal position in the Pakistani politics. During the mid-1960s Nawabzada Nasrullah Khan shot to prominence as the leader of his own faction of the Awami League during General Ayub Khan’s rule. In 1977, he joined the opposition team during the abortive negotiations with then Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, in the wake of a crisis triggered by allegations of electoral rigging. During 1983, he spearheaded the Movement for Restoration of Democracy showing his commitment to the cause of democracy, and this being his first alliance with the Pakistan Peoples Party. He died on 27 September 2003 after being admitted to hospital in Islamabad, following a heart attack, at the age of 85 years